ATTEND EXPODENT ON 20TH & 21ST OCTOBER AT NSE GROUNDS, GOREGAON MUMBAI

  • Sharebar

Osteoimmunology

1 reply [Last post]
tirath's picture
Offline
Joined: 31 Oct 2009

Osteoimmunology (όστέον, osteon from Greek, “bone”; immunitas from Latin, “immunity”; and λόγος, logos, from Greek “knowledge”) is the study of the interface between the skeletal system and the immune system, comprising the “osteo-immune system”. It is also the study of shared components and mechanisms between the two systems in vertebrates, including ligands, receptors, signaling molecules and transcription factors. Some medical conditions in which this field is particularly relevant are bone metastases, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, osteopetrosis, and periodontitis. Studies in osteoimmunology reveal relationships between molecular communication among blood cells and structural pathologies in the body

The RANKL-RANK-OPG(osteoprotegerin) axis is an example of an important signaling system functioning both in bone and immune cell communication. RANKL is expressed on osteoblasts and activated T cells, whereas RANK is expressed on osteoclasts, and dendritic cells (DCs), both of which can be derived from myeloid progenitor cells. Surface RANKL on osteoblasts as well as secreted RANKL provide necessary signals for osteoclast precursors to differentiate into osteoclasts. RANKL expression on activated T cells leads to DC activation through binding to RANK expressed on DCs. OPG, produced by DCs, is a soluble decoy receptor for RANKL that competitively inhibits RANKL binding to RANK.

up
0 users have Like. User Likes
drsantoshpatil's picture
Offline
Joined: 10 Jul 2009
Re: Osteoimmunology

Can this knowledge is helpful in management of fibroosseous jaw lesions?

up
0 users have Like. User Likes