As per the research conducted at the Forsyth Institute in US , a vaccine that targets the bacterium ' mutans streptococci' has been developed.
Mechanism of action : This vaccine teaches the immune system to make antibodies that kills the enzyme which enable the bacteria to stick to the teeth ,
since unable to cling to the enamel, bacteria gets washed away by saliva and teeth are protected.
Trials: Rats given this vaccine in experiments developed almost no cavities, trials conducted on people also had similar effect.
Indication: In children under age of 1 year but before plaque bacteria has been established.
According to Dr Daniel Smith of Forsyth Institute : If given to children at young age, it may prevent colonization of plaque bacteria altogether.
But would this vaccine be effective for the permanent teeth other than the 1st permanent molar???