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RELATION BETWEEN BIRTHWEIGHT AND TOOTH SIZE

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mithilamhapankar's picture
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Joined: 9 Dec 2009

Birthweight Affects Tooth Size
The aim of the present investigation was to compare the dimensions of the primary incisors from pre-term children and full-term controls. One hundred and eleven pre-term children, consisting of 86 very-low-birthweight (< 1,500 g), 25 low-birthweight (from 1,500 to 2,500 g), and 169 full-term, normal-birthweight (> 2,500 g) children, donated a total of 572 maxillary and mandibular primary central and lateral incisors for study. The teeth were measured by means of a digital micrometer. The results showed that there was a dose-response effect of birthweight on tooth size. The very-low-birthweight teeth showed the smallest dimensions, the normal-birthweight controls the largest, and the low-birthweight teeth intermediate dimensions (p < 0.001). In the maxillary primary central and lateral incisors, and the mandibular primary central incisors, very-low-birthweight teeth were from 6 to 11% smaller in both mesiodistal and faciolingual dimensions compared with normal-birthweight teeth (p < 0.001). The largest differences were observed in the maxillary lateral incisors, where mean decreases of 0.58 +/- 0.45 mm in mesiodistal and 0.50 +/- 0.40 mm in faciolingual dimensions (11% reduction in both measurements) were observed. In addition, in the mandibular and maxillary lateral incisors of very-low-birthweight children, the left-sided teeth were significantly smaller than those on the right side in both mesiodistal and faciolingual dimensions (p < 0.03)

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