Purpose: To identify the remaining demineralized dentin (the permeable layer that allows leakage) when using primer-less wet bonding with a total etching period of 10 to 60 seconds compared with contemporary resin adhesives.
Methods: Extracted human molars were selected and Class V cavities were prepared on the axial surfaces at the CEJ, providing margins in enamel and dentin for leakage testing using a basic dye (n = 10). Seven groups of conditioned teeth [1-1 etched for 10, 30, and 60 seconds (primer-less wet), All-Bond 2 and Single-Bond 2 (wet), AQ-Bond (self-etched), Super-Bond C&B (dry)] were used as bonding systems for resin composite restoration. All specimens were stored in water at 37 degrees C for 24 hours before soaking in a 0.5% basic fuchsin solution for 24 hours. The distance of dye penetration was measured using stereomicroscopy.
Results: No leakage at the enamel- and dentin-resin interfaces was found for all etching periods of 1-1 primer-less, Super-Bond C&B, and AQ-Bond specimens. However, leakage was observed at dentin margins in two wet with primer systems, All-Bond 2 (1.31 +/- 1.39 mm) and Single-Bond 2 (0.37 +/- 0.28 mm), which required phosphoric etching to remove a weak smear layer on prepared dentin.