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Dental Caries Status and Salivary Properties of Asthmatic Ch

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Dental Caries Status and Salivary Properties of Asthmatic Children and Adolescents.

Aims: This study aimed to investigate the dental caries status and salivary properties in 3- to 15-year-old children/adolescents.
Methods: The sample was split in two groups: asthma group (AG), composed of 65 patients who attended Public Health Service; asthma-free group (AFG), composed of 65 nonasthmatic children/adolescents recruited in two public schools. Stimulated salivary samples were collected for 3 min. Buffering capacity and pH were ascertained in each salivary sample. A single trained and calibrated examiner (kappa = 0.98) performed the dental caries examination according to WHO criteria.

Results: The AFG showed salivary flow rate (1.10 ± 0.63 mL/min) higher (P = 0.002) than AG (0.80 ± 0.50 mL/min). An inverse relationship was observed between asthma severity and salivary flow rate (Phi coefficient, rφ: 0.79, P = 0.0001). Children with moderate or severe asthma showed an increased risk for reduced salivary flow rate (OR: 17.15, P < 0.001). No association was observed between drug use frequency (P > 0.05) and drug type (P > 0.05) with salivary flow rate. Buffering capacity was similar in both groups. No significant differences were encountered in dental caries experience between AFG and AG groups.

Conclusions: Although asthma can cause reduction in flow rate, the illness did not seem to influence dental caries experience in children with access to proper dental care.

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